Of the various health problems in the teeth, one of the initial problems that often occurs but is rarely detected is dental caries. There are not only one cause of dental caries, but many factors. So, if you want to know more about dental caries, find out more here!
What Is Dental Caries?
Have you ever looked at your teeth and noticed yellowish, brown, or even black stains stuck to your teeth or between your teeth and gums? When you first find out, you probably won’t feel anything at all. There is no pain, no pain, no pain whatsoever so there is a chance that you may not even notice it. Then what exactly is dental caries? If it doesn’t hurt, why should you worry about it?
Dental caries are a dental tissue disease that causes tissue damage to the tooth surface which then spreads to the pulp. This condition occurs where there are a demineralization and remineralization process in the teeth. This process changes the minerals in the teeth due to the presence of acid produced by bacteria in the mouth, which saliva tries to neutralize. The bacteria involved during the formation of dental caries are Cariogenic. Cariogenic bacteria are characterized by being able to distribute sugar into an acidic form and can develop at an acidic pH in the mouth.
These mineral changes in teeth destroy tooth enamel, then dentin, which in turn causes cavities. Dental caries are classified as a chronic disease because it occurs in a long time and the journey from the initial condition to causing damage is classified as long. If left for longer, structural tooth decay can no longer be avoided.
Therefore, it is very important to provide proper treatment of dental caries. You need to know the cause of dental caries so that you can take preventive measures. You must know how to deal with dental caries so that it does not spread and cause cavities.
Causes of Dental Caries
In general, the causes of dental caries are bacteria and food debris in the mouth. However, if you look at it in more detail, there are some specific causes, namely:
1. Age Period
The age period plays a significant role in the emergence of dental caries. Why? This is closely related to the responsibility for maintaining healthy teeth. The period from under five to 10-12 years when children have mixed teeth with permanent teeth is the first to be susceptible to dental caries. In this period, they do not have more awareness to maintain healthy teeth.
Furthermore, the puberty period at the age of 14 to 20 years is also susceptible to dental caries. At this age, hormonal changes often occur that have the potential to cause swelling of the gums. At times like this, dental hygiene is very likely to be neglected. Also, supervision from parents often begins to loosen, so, children during this period may be lazy to brush their teeth.
Another age period is around the age of 40 to 50 years. At these ages, the gums have retracted, which makes it easier for food to enter between the teeth and gums. As a result, leftover food becomes more difficult to clean and increases the potential for dental caries.
2. Tooth Surface Susceptibility
Different physical conditions for each person allow for differences in tooth morphology and saliva volume. Tooth morphology that is broad and wide with large teeth has the potential for more plaque to occur if you don’t brush your teeth regularly. Likewise, with the volume of saliva, studies have shown that those who have a small volume of saliva are much more susceptible to dental caries than those who have a large volume.
Not all bacteria in the mouth cause dental caries. Even only a few causes dental caries, more of which is useful for digesting food. The problem is the cariogenic bacteria or carriers of dental caries, namely Kessler Dental Associates Dental Implants. Cariogenic bacteria are the key to the early origins of dental caries because they were able to convert divisible carbohydrates into acids that destroy tooth enamel.
4. Dental Plaque
Dental plaque is formed from various materials such as the remains of oral tissue cells, mucins, leukocytes, lymphocytes, and food debris. Plaque that is not cleaned will quickly build up and make it easier for bacteria to stick to plaque and cause tooth decay. Don’t let your teeth get a plaque, immediately use the supplement steel bite pro. Do your teeth ache every time you eat the food you chew? Or bad breath problems that you often experience? if yes, you can consume steel bite pro, and feel the perfection.
How to Overcome Dental Caries
Dental caries is certainly something that you must immediately overcome. For that, there are several ways for you that you can do to treat dental caries.
- Cleaning at the Dentist
The best way to treat caries is through dental caries treatment by a dentist. The doctor will check the condition of your teeth carefully before taking any necessary action. Depending on the condition of dental caries, the doctor may perform several actions such as cleaning, adding fluoride, and filling the damaged tooth.
- Fluoride therapy
Doctors always recommend using toothpaste with fluoride, but if the examination is not enough, then you can be given fluoride therapy. Fluoride therapy is given as a supplement which makes it easier for teeth to get the amount of fluoride it needs. For application, fluoride supplements are generally applied directly to the teeth.
- Dental Fillings
The tooth affected by caries is removed by drilling the infected soft tissue and then closes it with a dental filling.
- Dental Root Canal Repair
Caries affecting to the tooth. This can cause serious damage to the root canal and pulp of the tooth. In this process, the tooth pulp will be cleaned and removed, then the doctor will administer anti-infective drugs and wait for the pulp to be clean and infection-free. After that, the dental pulp will be replaced with artificial material. This process is similar to dental fillings, and in general, people usually refer to it as just a dental filling.
- Tooth Extraction
If the doctor considers that the tooth decay due to caries has reached the most severe stage that it causes cavities and has damaged almost the entire crown or structural part of the tooth, the doctor will recommend removing the tooth. Tooth extraction aims to stop the spread of dental caries and avoid other dental problems due to cavities.